The Best Team in the NFL Just Received a Massive Upgrade

I've long been in favor of early down efficiency as a key driver for success in the NFL offensively.  As my analysis showed, converting first downs before reaching 3rd down is twice as correlated with wins as converting well on 3rd down.  But a recent NFL transaction this offseason had me looking at 3rd down conversions moreso than early down conversions.  When the Seattle Seahawks acquired TE Jimmy Graham from the New Orleans Saints, I initially thought it was a big move.  So did much of the NFL, particularly the fantasy world. But I was wrong. It wasn't a big move. It was a HUGE move. That said, right now, separate fantasy from reality. Jimmy Graham's fantasy value won't be as strong as it was in New Orleans.  But his contribution to the Seahawks will make them significantly more potent than they were the last couple of years, for reasons we'll dig into.

Since Russell Wilson came to the Seahawks and became the starting quarterback, the team has recorded the best record in the NFL when NOT converting well on 3rd down.  The NFL average for 3rd down conversion rates since 2010 is approximately 38%.  In other words, 38 out of 100 times on 3rd down (and any distance) teams gain first downs and 62 times they are forced into 4th down.  The Wilson-led Seahawks have won 65% of their games when converting below that 38% average.  Its the best win rate in the NFL.  The next closest team is the Patriots, who won 59% of their games when converting sub-38% on 3rd downs in a given game.  Collectively, the NFL has won just 36% of their games since 2012 when converting sub-38% on 3rd downs.  So the Seahawks winning 65% of these is extremely unlikely.  It's insane.

That said, in 2014, Russell Wilson did struggle on 3rd down.  After a 96 passer rating in 2012 and a 90 rating in 2013, Wilson recorded a 77 rating in 2014.  Not only was that a big drop from what he did in 2012 and 2013, it was a huge drop from his 1st and 2nd down passer ratings in 2014, where he recorded ratings of 102 and 103 respectively.

In 2013, Wilson had solid 3rd down stats when passing to his TEs, predominantly Zach Miller.  When passing to TEs in 2013, Wilson went 20/26 for 220 yds, 2 TDs and 0 Ints.  That's a 127 rating.  But in 2014, with no Zach Miller, Wilson struggled tremendously and did not target his TEs nearly as often or with as much success.  The ability to find that reliable TE target is essential to Russell Wilson on 3rd down, and thus, the success of the Seattle offense on 3rd down.

Drew's Best Friend

The need for a solid TE for Russell Wilson to rely upon on 3rd downs is established, but how does Jimmy Graham factor on these plays? In 2014, Drew Brees' passer rating on 3rd down to Jimmy Graham in 2014 was 109.4: 22/34 (65%), 216 yds, 4 TD, 1 Int, 0 sacks.  Obviously, those are solid numbers.  But even more relevant is what happened when Brees did not pass to Graham on 3rd down.  In those situations, Brees went 82/129 (64%), 1081 yds, 6 TDs, 9 Ints and 9 sacks, good for a 76 rating, which does not factor in the 9 sacks.

Graham really was a godsend for Brees.  A 109 rating when passing to Graham and 0 sacks on 3rd down, as opposed to a 76 rating when passing elsewhere and 9 sacks.  Graham's ability to win quickly at the line of scrimmage to allow his quarterback to complete passes while avoiding sacks is tremendous.  Not only do these numbers demonstrate how helpful Graham will be for Russell Wilson, they also show how badly Brees might struggle unless they find a tight end who can somewhat occupy the role that Graham fulfilled as a Saint.

The Real Struggle

I've written before about how good the Seahawks have been on 3rd and short.  They have been one of the best short yardage teams when running the football in the NFL.  Last year, on 2nd thru 4th down, needing 1-2 yards for a 1st down, they converted 76% of rushes into 1st down, the 2nd best rate in the NFL.  And they ran the football in these situations 75% of the time.

But their real struggle on 3rd down was 3rd and medium.  When running on 3rd and 3-6 yds to go, they converted 67% first downs, 4th best in NFL.  But when passing in these situations, they converted just 44%, good for just 24th in the NFL.  And Wilson's passer rating was only 81.6.

That 44% conversion rate on 3rd and medium passes was down from 51% in 2013 (7th best in NFL) and 50% in 2012 (8th best).  So Seattle moved from top 8 in the NFL for 2 straight years to 24th in 2014 when passing on 3rd and medium.  How could Graham help them?

The Weapon

Thanks in large part to Jimmy Graham, in each of the last 2 seasons, the Saints ranked far and away #1 in the NFL in these 3rd and medium situations, converting 61% into first down in 2013 and 59% in 2014.  Drew Brees' passer rating was 129 in 2013 and 102 in 2014.  That's a far cry from Russell Wilson's 82, and their ~60% conversion rate was a far cry from Seattle's 44%.

Specifically, in 2014 when passing to Graham in these situations, Brees went 11/14 (79%) for 122 yds, 2 TD and 0 Int for 8.7 ypa and a 143 rtg.  To the rest of the team, Brees went 27/43 (63%) for 361 yds, 2 TD, 2 Int and 4 sacks for a passer rtg of 86.

In 2013, Brees went 10/14 (71%) for 169 yds, 1 TD, 0 Int and 0 sacks to Graham in these 3rd and medium situations, good for 12.1 ypa and a 136 rtg.

The last 2 years, Jimmy Graham has been the NFL's best receiving weapon on 3rd and medium, and he's helped set the Saints offense far above average as the NFL's best in converting these plays into 1st downs.  Now he gets to do the same in Seattle.

The Importance of 3rd Down in Seattle

For Seattle, converting on 3rd downs offensively is perhaps more vital than it is for most other teams.  They have such a dominant defense, that they end up carrying a lead for much of the game.  And by simply converting on 3rd downs, they are far more likely to win these games than other teams.  Since 2012, when converting over 50% of 3rd downs, Seattle is unbeaten.  Only the Packers have won more games while losing none if converting over 50% on 3rd down.

Thus, because of the strength of their defense, considering game theory, it's vital to convert on 3rd downs. Sometimes, it simply means that a drive in the 4th quarter with a lead can bleed more time off the clock as opposed to punting. That alone will be more likely to secure a win for the Seahawks than it would for many teams.

By landing Jimmy Graham, the Seahawks theoretically should be able to solve their biggest 3rd down weakness of 2014:  passing on 3rd and medium.  His ability in that situation was insane for the Saints when Drew Brees had the ability to throw to Graham: a 143 passer rating to Graham, an 86 rating to other receivers.

And considering how tremendous Seattle is on 3rd and short situations, I really expect Graham's presence to be far more meaningful than most casual fans believed it would when they made the move.  I don't believe Russell Wilson will post Drew Brees-like fantasy stats, nor do I believe Jimmy Graham will post fantasy stats like he did in New Orleans.

But for the Seahawks, his presence is far less about fantasy stats and far more about reality difference-making.  And he will be a vital difference maker on 3rd down for the Seattle Seahawks in 2015.  The Seahawks were the NFL's best team when posting a below-average 3rd down conversion rate (17-9, 65% when converting sub-38% of 3rd downs).  Far more games in 2015 and beyond should see an above average 3rd down rate.  That means 83% wins for Seattle (when converting over 38% of 3rd downs, the 2nd best rate in the NFL).  And that means another trip to the playoffs, the NFC Championship game, and possibly another Lombardi trophy.


Written by
Clay Travis is the founder of the fastest growing national multimedia platform, OutKick, that produces and distributes engaging content across sports and pop culture to millions of fans across the country. OutKick was created by Travis in 2011 and sold to the Fox Corporation in 2021. One of the most electrifying and outspoken personalities in the industry, Travis hosts OutKick The Show where he provides his unfiltered opinion on the most compelling headlines throughout sports, culture, and politics. He also makes regular appearances on FOX News Media as a contributor providing analysis on a variety of subjects ranging from sports news to the cultural landscape. Throughout the college football season, Travis is on Big Noon Kickoff for Fox Sports breaking down the game and the latest storylines. Additionally, Travis serves as a co-host of The Clay Travis and Buck Sexton Show, a three-hour conservative radio talk program syndicated across Premiere Networks radio stations nationwide. Previously, he launched OutKick The Coverage on Fox Sports Radio that included interviews and listener interactions and was on Fox Sports Bet for four years. Additionally, Travis started an iHeartRadio Original Podcast called Wins & Losses that featured in-depth conversations with the biggest names in sports. Travis is a graduate of George Washington University as well as Vanderbilt Law School. Based in Nashville, he is the author of Dixieland Delight, On Rocky Top, and Republicans Buy Sneakers Too.